About

THE BREED

Pura Raza Menorquina (PRMe)

Research has shown links between the Menorcan and Arab as well as Berber breeds.  Others believe that the original horses were brought to Menorca from central Europe by King James I of Aragon.

According to the Government of the Balearic Islands, the Menorcan belongs to the Eastern group of indigenous Iberian horses, which also includes the now extinct Catalan horse.

The Menorcan breed was officially recognized as an indigenous breed in 1989, and it is listed in the “Catálogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de España” in the group of autochthonous breeds that are in danger of extinction. In Menorca, the breeders of these horses have done an amazing job to preserve the bloodline.  In April 2011 the total population was reported to be 2,995, of which fewer than 200 were outside the Balearic Islands.

The Breeders Association “Associació de Criadors i Propietaris de Cavalls de Raça Menorquina” was formed in August 1988. The objective of the Association was to maintain as well as improve the breed morphologically as well as for performance.  This breed has demonstrated their functionality in different sporting disciplines such as dressage, without neglecting the island’s own dressage discipline, Menorcan dressage.  This discipline is recognized as such by the Balearic Islands Equestrian Federation.

The goal now is to publicize the breed outside of the island.  So far, the breed has only been exported to Switzerland, England, France, Italy, Germany, and Russia.  Now, with the Menorcan USA project, we will begin to bring in top stallions and mares so that we can maintain the bloodlines and promote the breed in the United States.

Characteristics of the Breed:

The Menorcan horse may only be black.  Horses of any other color cannot be registered as Pure Menorcans.

Limited White markings are permitted.
It is known that Menorcan horses are noble, elegant and easy to train.
The average Height is 1,60m (15.3 hands)
The mínimum permissible Height is 1,54 m for males and 1,51 m for mares.

The profile is slightly convex, the body and limbs long, the eye round and lively. Their build is strong and athletic, slender, powerful and muscular.  They are suited to any type of saddle or driving use. 

The island of Menorca is very rugged yet lush and is very hot and windy.  The horses have adapted to this environment.  They are a hearty breed with no metabolic issues.  They are surefooted and excellent on the trail yet have the movement of a top dressage horse.

In Menorca, the breed’s most valued quality is its suitability for the traditional festivals of Menorca, where it is irreplaceable. During these festivals, the horses perform the elevade and Bot movements of the “Doma Menorquina” (Menorcan Dressage).  They do this in parades, with hundreds of people watching. In one festival, it is traditionand worth a year of good luck if you touch one of the horses while they are performing the Bot.

Does each year of birth imply a certain starting letter for the horse’s name?

Yes. We have done this since 1989. We eliminated some letters, but this system allows you to know, by the horse’s name, its age. So, for example, all horses born in 2021, have a name that starts with an ‘N’.

What is Menorcan dressage

(Doma Menorquina)

like and its origin?

The origin of Menorcan dressage originate from the festivals of the region. It is a dressage characterized by holding the reins in the left hand, so they can perform the Menorcan movements and the bot.  This is similar to Doma Vaquera on the mainland of Spain.

What is the bot and the Menorcan movements?

The first Menorcan movement is a reverse pirouette.
For the Bot, the horse rears, and walks on his hind feet.